الگوی چند سطحی پیشایندها و پیامدهای خودکارآمدی کارکنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی دانشگاه شهید چمران ، اهواز ، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز ، ، ایران و نویسنده مسئول

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت دانشگاه شهید چمران ، اهواز ، ایران

چکیده

هدف این مقاله بررسی تأثیر ویژگی­های شغل بر خودکارآمدی و عملکرد شغلی با یک رویکرد چندسطحی است. روش تحقیق حاضر توصیفی ـ پیمایشی است. جامعۀ آماری این پژوهش اعضای هیئت‌علمی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز بودند که با روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده 212 عضو هیئت‌علمی در قالب 30 گروه آموزشی به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. نتایج پژوهش در سطح فردی نشان داد که ویژگی­های انگیزشی شغل بر خودکارآمدی فردی اعضای هیئت‌علمی و خودکارآمدی فردی بر عملکرد فردی اعضای هیئت‌علمی تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری دارد. در سطح گروهی نیز ویژگی­های اجتماعی شغل برخودکارآمدی جمعی اعضای هیئت‌علمی و خودکار آمدی جمعی بر عملکرد گروهی اعضای هیئت‌علمی تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری داشت. علاوه‌براین، متغیرهای سطح گروهی یعنی ویژگی­های اجتماعی شغل و خودکارآمدی جمعی بر متغیرهای سطح فردی یعنی خودکارآمدی فردی و عملکرد فردی تاثیر معنی‌داری داشتند و اثر تعدیل‌کنندگی متغیرهای سطح گروهی (­ویژگی­های اجتماعی شغل و خودکارآمدی جمعی) بر روابط بین متغیرهای سطح فردی (خودکارآمدی فردی و عملکرد فردی) تأیید شد.  به نظر می‌رسد که مطالعه ویژگی­های شغل و تقویت این ویژگی­ها منجر به یکسری رفتارهای سازمانی مثبت (مانند خودکارآمدی) شده و این رفتارها می­توانند عملکرد سطح فردی و گروهی را در دانشگاه­ها تقویت نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Multilevel Model of Preceding-Consequences of Employees' Self-Efficacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • jaber zafarpour amirabad 1
  • farajollah rahimi 2
  • mehdi nadaf 3
1 shahid chamran university
3 faculty member of shaid chamran university, ahvaz,iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of job attributes on self-efficacy and job performance through a multi-level approach. The research follows a descriptive-survey method. The statistical population of this research encompasses faculty members of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. A simple random sampling lead to a sample of 212 faculty members containing 30 educational groups. The results indicated that, at individual level, the motivational characteristics of the job had a positive and significant effect on the individual self-efficacy of the faculty members, and individual self-efficacy, in its turn, affected individual performance of the faculty members. At the group level, the social features of the occupation had positive and significant effect on collective efficacy and group performance of the faculty members. Moreover, group level variables, that is social attributes of job and collective self-efficacy, had a significant effect on individual level variables including individual self-efficacy and performance. The moderating effect of the group-level variables on the variables of individual level was verified. It seems that studying the characteristics of a job and strengthening hem will lead to a series of positive organizational behaviors (such as self-efficacy). These behaviors can enhance the level of individual and group performance in universities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • job attributes
  • self-efficacy
  • Job performance
  • multilevel analysis

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