عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of job attributes on self-efficacy and job performance through a multi-level approach. The research follows a descriptive-survey method. The statistical population of this research encompasses faculty members of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. A simple random sampling lead to a sample of 212 faculty members containing 30 educational groups. The results indicated that, at individual level, the motivational characteristics of the job had a positive and significant effect on the individual self-efficacy of the faculty members, and individual self-efficacy, in its turn, affected individual performance of the faculty members. At the group level, the social features of the occupation had positive and significant effect on collective efficacy and group performance of the faculty members. Moreover, group level variables, that is social attributes of job and collective self-efficacy, had a significant effect on individual level variables including individual self-efficacy and performance. The moderating effect of the group-level variables on the variables of individual level was verified. It seems that studying the characteristics of a job and strengthening hem will lead to a series of positive organizational behaviors (such as self-efficacy). These behaviors can enhance the level of individual and group performance in universities.
آرایی، وحید و اسفیدانی، محمدرحیم (1393)، سنجش میزان کارآمدی کارکنان با استفاده از نظریههای روانشناختی ـ مدیریتی، فصلنامۀ پژوهشهای مدیریت منابع انسانی، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)، سال ششم، شمارۀ 3: 49 ـ 67.
امیرکافی، مهدی (1385)، اهمیت و منطق مدلهای چندسطحی در تحقیقات اجتماعی، مجلۀ جامعهشناسی ایران، دورۀ هفتم، شمارۀ 4: 38 ـ 71.
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