نقش عوامل فردی، سازمانی و مدیریتی مؤثر بر پذیرش فناوری اطلاعات در سازمان‌های دولتی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)

2 استاد گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)

3 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی صنایع،دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)

4 استادیار دانشگاه ایوانکی، سمنان

چکیده

اامروزه پذیرش فناوری اطلاعات جدید، چالش‌ اساسی در سازمان‌های دولتی است که کمتر مورد بررسی واقع شده است. هدف از انجام این تحقیق، شناسایی عوامل فردی، سازمانی و مدیریتی مؤثر بر پذیرش فناوری اطلاعات در سازمان‌های دولتی ایران است. به همین منظور، ابتدا مبانی نظری مرتبط با پذیرش فناوری اطلاعات در سازمان‌ها مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. سپس با ارایه‌ مدل عوامل مؤثر، با درنظرگرفتن ویژگی‌های سازمان‌های دولتی ایران، عوامل و شاخص‌های مورد نظر با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مبتنی بر مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری بررسی و تأیید شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش، مؤلفه‌های هنجار و تصویر ذهنی (عوامل فردی)، حمایت مدیر ارشد، تخصص فناوری اطلاعات، رسمیت، تمرکز، اندازه، عمق تغییر و آمادگی سازمانی (عوامل سازمانی)، نگرش، نوآوری، دانش فناوری اطلاعات، تصدی مدیریتی مدیر عالی اجرایی (عوامل مدیریتی) را به همراه شاخص‌های مرتبط، مورد بررسی و تأیید قرار داده است. یافته‌ها همچنین نشان می‌دهند که مؤلفه‌های هنجار ذهنی، آمادگی سازمانی و نوآوری مدیرعالی اجرایی، نقش‌های مهم‌تری در پذیرش فناوری اطلاعات در سازمان‌های دولتی ایران ایفا می‌کنند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Effective Individual, Organizational and Managerial Factors on Adopting Information Technology in Iranian State Organizations

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoud movahedi 1
  • alimohammad ahmadvand 2
  • Shahram Aliyari 3
  • florence namjooyan 4
1 Associate Prof. Imam Hosein Comprehensive University
2 Prof. Imam Hosein Comprehensive University
4 Assistant Prof. Evanekey Institute of Higher Education, Semnan
چکیده [English]

Adoption of information technology has now become a basic challenge in public organizations in Iran which has not been considered properly. This research is intended to explore the effects of individual, organizational, and managerial factors influencing the adoption of information technology in Iranian organizations. Having considered the characteristics of Iranian state organization, the researchers presented a model for effective factors. Factors and indicators of the model were confirmed through factor analysis based on structural equation modelling. The results included the assessment of factors such as normative components, mental image (individual factors), support by higher managers, information technology expertise, formality, concentration, size, depth of change and preparedness of the organization (organizational factors), attitude, entrepreneurship, information technology knowledge, and managerial tenure of the directors (managerial factors). The researchers found out that mental norms, organizational preparedness and innovations by the directors are more effective in the adoption of information technology by Iranian organizations

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Information technology
  • Iranian State Organizations
  • Individual Factors
  • Organizational Factors
  • Managerial Factors

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